Comparing Image Files

Merge image comparisons make it easy to compare various types of image file and see precisely which pixels have been modified. Merge for macOS supports all the image types supported by the operating system, including multi-page formats such as PDF.

Information If you haven’t already, spending a few moments browsing the Instant Overview of File Comparison and Merging will help you quickly become familiar with Merge file comparisons.

Performing a comparison

To open a new image comparison:

  • click the New Image Comparison toolbar button;
  • or, select the FileNewNew Image Comparison menu item;
  • or, press Shift+Cmd+I.

A new image comparison window

Two empty areas where the compared images will be displayed take up the majority of the window. Above each file pane is an entry field that you can use to enter the path to a file that you want to compare.

To compare two images, you can type the paths of two files into the entry fields or use the buttons on the right-hand end of the entry fields to choose files to compare.

The Browse button opens a file-browsing sheet and the Show history button displays a list of files that you have recently compared.

If there are other versions of the file named in the entry field available for comparison (e.g. in Time Machine), the Versions button displays a list of these other versions. If this button is not enabled, check the options set in the Versions preference page.

When you have chosen two image files to compare, to perform the comparison:

  • click the Start or Recompare toolbar button, alternatively press Enter;
  • or, select the FileStart or Recompare menu item, alternatively press Cmd+R;
  • or, drag and drop files from Finder on to the filename entry fields or on to the file panes.

Three-way file comparisons

In addition to two-way file comparison, the Professional Edition of Merge enables you to compare (and, for text files, merge) three files. Please see the Three-Way File Comparisons topic for more information. The Professional Edition also supports the automatic merging of text files.

The image comparison display

Two sample image files (test1.png and test2.png) are provided in the Sample Files folder of the Merge installation disk image. The following screenshot shows the results of a comparison between these two image files.

Results of comparing test1.png and test2.png

The control strip at the bottom of the image comparison window enables you to customize the appearance of the comparison results. The screenshot below shows the above image comparison, but with only the changed pixels visible.

Results of comparing test1.png and test2.png, with only changed pixels visible

Show unchanged

Toggles the display of unchanged pixels. When changed pixels are not displayed, the chequered transparent background is shown in their place.

Show changed

Toggles the display of changed pixels. When changed pixels are not displayed, the chequered transparent background is shown in their place.

Highlight changed

Highlights changed pixels by altering their colour.

Swap

This slider control can be used to blend the compared files together - on top of one another. If you drag the slider all the way to the right, the two files will be completely swapped.

Zoom controls

  • The - and + buttons zoom the images out and in, respectively. The Cmd+- and Cmd++ keyboard shortcuts do likewise.

  • The 100% button (or Cmd+1 keyboard shortcut) zooms the images such that each image pixel occupies exactly one device pixel on the display.

  • The Fit button (or Cmd+0 keyboard shortcut) zooms the images such that they fit within their respective panels.

Information The current zoom percentage is shown in the window caption (if only a single comparison is open within the window), or the comparison tab (if multiple tabs are open).

Layout controls

You can use the Two-Way Vertical , Three-Way Vertical , Two-Way Horizontal and Three-Way Horizontal menu items in the Layout toolbar button, or Window menu to change the layout of the files within the file comparison window so that the compared files are displayed one above the other (stacked) or side-by-side (the default).

There are many options that you can set to customize how Merge compares and displays files. There are help topics that will enable you learn how to customize Merge so that it produces the best results for you.

Navigation

As you scroll one file up and down using its scroll bar, the other file is scrolled so that the two files remain aligned. You can temporarily prevent Merge from keeping both files aligned by holding down the Ctrl+Cmd keys while scrolling. When you release Ctrl+Cmd, the files will snap back into alignment.

Mouse and touchpad navigation

You can use your mouse wheel or touchpad to scroll up, down, left and right within the active file.

Switching between multiple file comparisons

Merge allows you to work with multiple file comparisons open at the same time. A tab strip along the bottom of the main file comparison window allows you to switch between file comparisons with a single mouse click.