Merge image comparisons make it easy to compare various types of image file and see precisely which pixels have been modified.
If you haven’t already, spending a few moments browsing the Instant Overview of File Comparison and Merging will help you quickly become familiar with Merge file comparisons. It might also be helpful to review the The Ribbon and the Toolbar: Making the Most of the Merge User Interface on Different Versions of Windows topic.
Performing a comparison
You can open a new image comparison tab by selecting the New image comparison button in the quick access toolbar (above the ribbon), the ribbon itself (or the drop-down menu for the leftmost ribbon item), or the drop-down menu attached to the New text comparison toolbar button in the old-style Merge interface.
Two empty areas where the compared images will be displayed take up the majority of the window. Above each file pane is an entry field that you can use to enter the path to a file that you want to compare.
To compare two images, you can type the paths of two image files into the entry fields or use the buttons on the right-hand end of the entry fields to choose files to compare. The button opens a file-browsing window and the button displays a drop-down list of files that you have recently compared. If you hold down the Ctrl key when selecting a file from the drop-down list, Merge will fill the filename fields for the other file panels with their corresponding historical values.
If there are other versions of the file named in the entry field available for comparison in an SCM system repository, the button displays a list of these other versions. If this button is not enabled, check the relevant options on the Application and Credentials options pages.
To perform the comparison once you have chosen the two image files to compare, click the Start or recompare button in the ribbon or toolbar, or press the Enter key while one of the filename entry fields has focus.
You can also drag and drop files from Windows Explorer onto the filename entry fields or onto the file panes.
Three-way file comparisons
In addition to two-way file comparison, the Professional Edition of Merge enables you to compare (and, for text files, merge) three files. Please see the Three-Way File Comparison and Merging topic for more information. The Professional Edition also supports the automatic merging of text files.
The image comparison display
Two sample image files (test1.png and test2.png) are provided in the Merge installation directory. The following screenshot shows the results of a comparison between these two image files.
The control strip at the bottom of the image comparison window enables you to customize the appearance of the comparison results. The screenshot below shows the above image comparison, but with only the changed pixels visible.
Show unchanged pixels
Toggles the display of unchanged pixels. When unchanged pixels are not displayed, the chequered transparent background is shown in their place.
Show changed pixels
Toggles the display of changed pixels. When changed pixels are not displayed, the chequered transparent background is shown in their place.
Highlight changed pixels
Highlights changed pixels by altering their colour. Repeated clicks on this control will cycle between off, and two different highlighting styles.
This slider control can be used to blend the compared files together - on top of one another.
You can use the Two-way (horizontal) or Two-way (vertical) buttons in the ribbon or toolbar (or the F11 and F12 keys) to change the layout of the files within the file comparison window so that the compared files are displayed one above the other or side-by-side (the default).
There are many options that you can set to customize how Merge compares and displays files. There are help topics that will enable you learn how to customize Merge so that it produces the best results for you.
As you scroll one file up and down using its scroll bar, the other file is scrolled so that the two files remain aligned. You can temporarily prevent Merge from keeping both files aligned by holding down the Ctrl key whilst scrolling. When you release Ctrl, the files will snap back into alignment.
Merge supports mice with wheels. If you have a three-button mouse, you can click within a file panel with the middle mouse button to enter a panning mode. The file will scroll in the direction you move the mouse. To stop panning, click the middle mouse button again. If your mouse has a wheel, you can use it to scroll up and down within the active file. If your mouse or keyboard has backwards and forwards buttons, you can use them to navigate to the previous or next change.
Switching between multiple file comparisons
Merge allows you to work with multiple file comparisons open at the same time. A tab strip along the bottom of the main file comparison window allows you to switch between file comparisons with a single mouse click.
Supported file formats
|CompuServe Graphics Interchange Format||*.gif|
|JPEG - JFIF Compliant||*.jif;*.jpeg;*.jpg|
|Portable Network Graphics||*.png|
|Sun Raster Image||*.ras|
|Tagged Image File Format||*.tif;*.tiff|
|Windows Enhanced Meta File||*.emf|
|Windows Meta File||*.wmf|
|Windows or OS/2 Bitmap||*.bmp|
|Windows or OS/2 DIB||*.dib|